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Photo of a pet hedgehog


Scientific Name:  Erinaceinae

Distribution: Found through parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and New Zealand.

Weight:  up to 2.6 lbs.

Size:  up to 11 inches

Gestation: 30 - 40 days

Description: Hedgehogs are easily recognized by their spines, which are hollow hairs made stiff with keratin.[5] Their spines are not poisonous or barbed and unlike the quills of a porcupine, cannot be easily plucked from the body. However, the immature animal's spines normally fall out as they are replaced with adult

spines. This is called "quilling". Spines can also

shed when the animal is diseased or under extreme stress.


Hedgehogs are primarily nocturnal, though some species can also be active during the day. Hedgehogs sleep for a large portion of the day under bush, grass, or rock, or most often in dens dug in the ground, with varying habits among the species. All wild hedgehogs can hibernate, though not all do, depending on temperature, species, and abundance of food.

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