macaws are bred frequently in captivity. Breeding season
is usually in spring and early summer, although some pairs
will breed almost year round. Clutch size is usually 2-4
eggs but sometimes more. Incubation period is average 25.5
days (23-27 days). Some additional high fats seeds, like
sunflower seed, should be added to the diet during the breeding
season to stimulate reproduction.
Macaws are difficult to hand feed from a very early age.
Inexperienced hand feeders should allow the parents to feed
for the first few weeks. They require a high fat diet and
do well with additional protein as well especially at a
very young age. Pretty Bird 19/15 or 19/12 are good choices.
A small amount of peanut butter or ground sunflower seeds
may be added to increase protein and fat levels.
macaw species are bred regularly in captivity. Breeding
season and clutch size - Usually in spring and early summer,
although some pairs will breed almost year round. Macaws
should be provided with plentiful chewing material. Pine
shavings make excellent nest box bedding. Cage size - Variable
according to the size of the bird. Macaws must be able to
open their wings without touching the sides of their breeding
cage and should have adequate space to move freely between
2 perches. Example of appropriate cage size for large macaws
is 5' x 5' x 8'. Cages for large macaws must be constructed
of strong wire which can withstand chewing. Chain link may
be needed for individuals which break welded wire caging.
Large horizontal wooden boxes (approx. 24 x 24 x 36 or 48)
are well accepted by large macaws while some will breed
well in a vertical wooden box (approx. 12 x 12 x 36). Metal,
plastic or wooden barrels may also be used. Macaws should
be provided with plentiful chewing material. Pine shavings
make excellent nest box bedding.
species show no obvious sexual dimorphism (visual difference
between the species) therefore endoscopic examination or
laboratory sexing techniques are needed for accurate sex
Common Diseases And Disorders -
Proventricular Dilatation Disease (Macaw wasting disease)
Chewing flight and tail feathers by juveniles
Oral and Cloacal papillomas
Bacterial, viral and fungal infections
Constricted toe syndrome, chicks
Beak malformations - chicks
Kidney Disease - gout
Toxicity, heavy metal poisoning
common health problems of macaws can be prevented by a good
diet, nutrition and routine health care. Routine veterinary
examination (annually) can help you to keep your pet in
excellent health and enhance your relationship with your